0 comments / Posted on by Bharadwaj Satish

Yes, you have heard the right thing. Sagwan wood is much better than ordinary wood, that's why it is used in costly furniture and interiors. This wood is also called teak wood .

The different types of wood in India are legendary for the quality they add to the furniture. Though the styles and structure of furniture's have transformed over time, wood or timber remains the favorite among all the building materials.

The handmade wooden furniture's endurance and high artistic value is well known throughout the world. Wooden furniture has always been a essential element for interior designers. The different types of wood in India which are commonly used for the quality and other properties.

Below table consisting the different types of wood in India and their scientific names

Different Types of Wood and Their Scientific Names

Name Scientific Names
Teak ( Sagwan wood ) Tectona Grandis
Rose Wood Dalbergia Latifolia
Satin Wood Chloroxylon Swietenia
Sal Wood Shorea Robusta
Sisoo Wood ( Sheesham wood ) Dalbergia Sissoo
Marandi Wood Melia Azederach
Mahogany Swietenia Macrophylla
Mulberry Wood Morus Alba
Deodar ( Pine wood ) Cedrus Deodara
JackFruit Artocarpus Heterophyllu

 

 

Teak (Tectona grandis) is considered to be the best type of wood to make furniture as it is highly fire resistant and durable. Teak is also one of the most expensive woods in India.

It looks very attractive after polishing and will not get affected by white ants and dry rots. It does not shrink much and would not corrode metal fastenings. It is one of the most common types of wood and is for superior use only. It is found in central and southern India.

Advantages of Teak wood :-

  • Aesthetic Appeal : Furniture made out of teak wood has an attractive looking straight grain pattern. It is smooth to touch and has a rich brown color after polishing in comparison to furniture made out of plywood or particle boards.

  • Durability : Teak wood furniture can last for up to many years, some have not perished for as long as 200 years. Besides, teak wood doesn't get damaged while shifting places because of water.

  • Resistant to rot and decay : Furniture made of teak wood is durable and does not rot because of its high density. Good wood furniture should stay in proper shape for a long time.

Teak's high tensile strength and tight grain make it weather resistant and durable. It is used in the manufacture of outdoor furniture and boats. It is also used in indoor finishing's, indoor flooring and for making countertops.

Rosewood : Dalbergia latifolia is tough and very close-grained. It maintains its shape and is available in large sizes which can be used to make ornamental carvings and to create cabinets. It is found in Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Orissa.

Advantages of Rosewood : -

  • Hard and Tough : They have high crushing and bending strengths offering good stability to the furniture carved out of it. Among the different types of woods available in the country, rosewood is considered the most attractive.

  • Attractive Wood Grain : The beautiful grain appearance has led to the creation of many musical instruments and decorative items.

Varied Uses :-

Furniture and cabinets are often constructed out of hardwood like Rosewood. Many mathematical instruments such as rulers and musical instruments such as violins are carved out or rosewood because of its beautiful outward appearance.

Rosewood is used in making kitchen and bedroom cabinets, dining sets, musical instruments, and carvings because of its sturdiness and beauty.

Satin wood or Chloroxylon swietenia is very robust and durable. Its high gloss finish makes it very attractive. It is found in central and southern India. It is robust and durable. Its high gloss finish makes it very attractive. It is found in central and southern India.

Advantages of Satinwood :-

  • Easy to care : Satinwood gives flawless finish which hides minor imperfections. It is a good choice for laying floors as it will not need everyday cleaning. As opposed to other different types of wood, this is mainly used to make flooring.

  • Little Maintenance : It asks for regular polishing but does not need daily maintenance. The polished surfaces stay beautiful for a long time.

  • Durability : It is durable and gives the desired look or finish with a polish of choice. Satinwood is used to manufacture decorative pieces and furniture.

Sal Wood : 

Sal Wood or Shorea robusta is primarily found in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh. The tensile strength and durability make it a popular choice for making musical instruments and flooring. It is primarily found in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh. The tensile strength and durability make it a popular choice for making musical instruments and flooring.

Advantages of Sal wood :-

  • Durable : It is the most durable type of timber making it a popular choice for constructing furniture, wooden beams, and wooden frames.

  • Immune to Decay : It is resistant to the attack of fungus, white ants and insects.

  • Strength : Its strength makes it an ideal choice for providing strength and support. Sal wood is used to make doors, piles, and wooden frames. It is also useful in making small pieces of furniture.

Sisso or Sheesham' or 'Tali' (Dalbergia Sisoo):

SissoIt (Dalbergia sissoo) is called 'Shishamand also 'Tali' in some regions of the country. It is durable and can be easily seasoned. It takes up the rich polish. It is found in Bengal, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Orissa.

Advantages of Sisoo wood :-

  • Strength : Sisoo is strong and durable.

  • Good finish : Out of the different types of wood, Sisoo takes up polish very well, therefore, giving a good sheen to the furniture and flooring.

  • Good look : Furniture or flooring made of Sisoo look attractive, thus making it a valuable investment for your home.

It can be shaped well to make decorative pieces of furniture. It is used to make railway sleepers and sports goods as well.

 

Marandi Wood or White Cedar (Melia Azederach):

Marandi Wood (Melia Azederach) or White Cedar timber, is resistant to decay and termites. It can be shaped to make wooden accessories. It is mostly imported from Malaysia and is lighter than other types of wood. It is resistant to decay and termites. It can be shaped to make wooden accessories. It is mostly imported from Malaysia and is lighter than other types of wood.

Advantages of Marandi wood :-

  • Decay resistant : It is impervious to termites, decay and insects.

  • Good texture : It is light, soft and uniform in texture.

  • Beauty : Among the different types of wood, Marandi requires less maintenance and its aesthetic appeal is high especially when it is

Marandi wood is used to create wooden accessories like shoe racks, chests, drawers, trunks, and other decorative items.

 

Mahogany (Swietenia Macrophylla):

Mahagony even stays durable underwater and takes up a deep color after polishing. It is found in Bengal, Assam, and Kerala.

Advantages of Mahogany :-

  • Glossy Finish : Its pores absorb paint so well that it gives an elegant glossy finish that makes it a perfect choice for making furniture.

  • Durability : It doesn't decay under water.

  • Finesse : It is the finest wood, therefore, can be sculpted easily.

Mahogany is used to make cabinets, furniture, and patterns in decorative pieces of art.

 

Mulberry Wood  (Morus alba) :

Mulberry wood or Morus alba, gives a neat finish and can be carved easily to make floors and ornate pieces of furniture and decoration. It gives a neat finish and can be carved easily to make floors and ornate pieces of furniture and decoration.

Advantages of Mulberry :-

  • Strength : It is tough and elastic.

  • Clean finish : It makes attractive pieces of furniture because of its aesthetic appeal. Its color range is broad in comparison to other types of wood, which can be used to give a desirable finish.

  • Can be easily carved : It can be easily worked with and makes ornate pieces of furniture and functional objects like drawers and cabinets.

Mulberry can be used to make small pieces of furniture, turned objects and fence posts.

 

Deodar (Cedrus deodara) also called Pine wood :

building material, Deodar (Cedrus deodara) is very sturdy, rot-resistant, close-grained and can take up the deep polish to give a good finish. It is found in Punjab and Uttar Pradesh.

Advantages of Deodar :-

  • Durable : It is long-lasting and sturdy and a fine wood.

  • Rot Resistant : Deodar is immune to decay by water and insects, giving it a long shelf life.

  • Absorbs High Polish : It absorbs color in varying degrees which makes it useful in making ornate objects and furniture.

In olden times, it was used to construct religious temples and landscaping. It is used to make railway carriages, railway sleepers, packing boxes and furniture.

 

Jackwood or Kathal Ki Lakdi (Artocarpus heterophyllu)

Jackwood is compact, finely grained and easy to work with. It is found in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra.

Advantages of Jackwood :-

  • Even Grained : It is even grained which gives it a good finish.

  • Easy to work with : It can be easily carved and designed to create furniture and other articles.

  • Aesthetic Appeal : The beauty of the wood makes it a popular choice for making musical instruments and aesthetically appealing objects.

Jackwood is used to make furniture, door panels, cabinets and musical instruments.

These are the different types of wood in India used for crafting furniture. As with the woods available in the market today, there also various synthetic alternatives are available nowadays to make furniture but Indian households still prefer solid wood furniture because of their durability and reparability. These advantages of wood make it a popular choice over man-made alternatives of wood. Since Indians prefer furniture and decorative objects with intricate carvings, wood is preferred and certain types of wood like teak ( Sagwan wood ) are popular choices.

 

 

 

 

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