Sheesham is one of the most useful timber sources in India. Its main use is for furniture making - Sheesham furniture is becoming increasingly popular in the UK. Sheesham lends itself perfectly to the cabinet making industry as it seasons well and does not warp or split. It is extremely durable and is one of the timbers least susceptible to dry-wood termites.
The wood offers resistance to sawing and cutting but is excellent for turnery, takes a good polish and finishes to a smooth surface. Each piece of Sheesham furniture will have a unique colouring thanks to the well defined grain of the wood, which can brought to a fine finish by hand waxing.
Sheesham furniture often features hand forged wrought iron work, known as Jali wrought iron work.
Other uses. As well as high quality furniture, Sheesham is also used for marine and aircraft grade plywood, charcoal for heating and cooking, musical instruments, ornamental turnery, carving, engraving, tool handles and sporting goods. Its root wood is used for tobacco pipes. In village industry Dalbergia sissoo (sheesham) is popular for doors and windows.
Fodder. Young branches and foliage form an excellent fodder with dry matter content of 32.46%, crude protein 2.7-24.1%. The foliage has normally been used as an emergency feed when other fodder sources fail.
Agriculture. A useful source of honey but the flowers are only lightly attached to the flower branch and fall easily. The bees are therefore not able to take advantage of the large numbers of flowers. The honey produced is dark amber with a strong flavour.
Fuel. The species is fast growing, hence suitable for firewood. Sapwood and heartwood have calorific values of 4.9 and 5.2 kcal/g respectively.
Fibre. Sulphate pulp from wood is used in producing writing and printing paper.
Sheesham, also called Shishan, Shisham, Sissoo or Sisu, is grown throughout the sub-Himalayan region, from the Indus to Assam. The tree is also found in many parts of India, especially in the Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Assam. It is also grown in Nigeria. Large quantities of the Sheesham timber are available from Uttar Pradesh and the Punjab, while limited quantities can be obtained from West Bengal and Assam.
The Sheesham wood is described as golden brown to deep brown in colour, with darker streaks that give the wood an attractive appearance. The wood is hard with a uniform and medium course texture. It has a good natural resistance to decay and is considered to be a popular carving and engraving wood in India.
Sheesham is definitely the most preferred Solid Wood particularly because of its grain pattern and has been in use since pre-historic times. The use of Sheesham Wood was popularised in Ancient Egyptian period, Ancient Greek period, Roman period and then n the 18th Century.
Timber Craft is one of the most experienced Sheesham Wood Furniture Manufacturers and exports finest furniture across world. The quality and finish of Sheesham Wood Furniture is exceptional. Timber Craft ensures that stringent quality control measures are adhered to so that the true value of the furniture could come out.