TimberCraft Blog

  • THE BEHAVIOR OF SOLID WOOD FURNITURE

    0 comments / Posted on by Venkata Nischala G

    Wood is dynamic material. Some say that it is still “living” even after it is made into furniture. Unlike composite materials and stone, it is constantly adapting to its environment and actually changing weight, shape and size. For instance, a 42” wide table can change 3/8” of an inch in width over the course of a year as the relative humidity in a living space varies with the seasons. Sometimes one surface of a wooden component will receive a different exposure to seasonal changes than the other side and a slight warping or “cupping” might occur. “Cupping” and warping are minimized by engineering the furniture so that wide expanses of hardwood, such as table tops, are stabilized by other components that run across the width of the panel and limit the extent to which the wider panel can move. We also retard variation in moisture content with the application of moisture resistant Greenguard finishes. While engineering solutions can limit changes in shape they will never totally eliminate them and some movement is to be expected.

    Some interesting facts about solid hardwood furniture and how moisture and humidity effect it:

    The hardwoods we use to make furniture have been dried to 6% - 8% moisture content.

    The equalized moisture content (EMC) of a typical living environment varies from a low of 4% to a high of 11%.

    The range in environment humidity impacts the moisture content of everything in it. For example, when a 42” x 84” Axis Dining Table leaves our factory it weighs 120 lbs. 8 lbs, 6 ounces of that is water.

    If exposed over a long enough term to the driest residential environment (heated air in a winter climate) it will lose about 3 1/2 lbs. of water. Exposed to a high humidity environment (un-air conditioned beach house) it will gain 3 1/2 lbs. It almost never reaches those extremes, because the driest and most humid seasons usually only last for several months and moisture resistant finished retards drying and uptake of moisture.

    Think of the cellular structure of wood as bundles of long narrow tubes. As the moisture content of the cells is reduced the tube shrinks in width but not length. With this variation in moisture content, solid wood furniture shrinks, expands and moves. The movement is small and happens slowly and often time it is never noticed. For each 3% change in moisture content of finished wood the width of the wood will change 1% in its width. That means that if we make a table 42” wide out of lumber that is 8% moisture content, and it is left long enough in an environment with 11% EMC, it could expand by 3?8” in width. In extreme to the other, the change in width would be 3/4”.

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  • Is sagwan wood better than other wood for making furniture?

    0 comments / Posted on by Bharadwaj Satish

    Yes, you have heard the right thing. Sagwan wood is much better than ordinary wood, that's why it is used in costly furniture and interiors. This wood is also called teak wood .

    The different types of wood in India are legendary for the quality they add to the furniture. Though the styles and structure of furniture's have transformed over time, wood or timber remains the favorite among all the building materials.

    The handmade wooden furniture's endurance and high artistic value is well known throughout the world. Wooden furniture has always been a essential element for interior designers. The different types of wood in India which are commonly used for the quality and other properties.

    Below table consisting the different types of wood in India and their scientific names

    Different Types of Wood and Their Scientific Names

    Name Scientific Names
    Teak ( Sagwan wood ) Tectona Grandis
    Rose Wood Dalbergia Latifolia
    Satin Wood Chloroxylon Swietenia
    Sal Wood Shorea Robusta
    Sisoo Wood ( Sheesham wood ) Dalbergia Sissoo
    Marandi Wood Melia Azederach
    Mahogany Swietenia Macrophylla
    Mulberry Wood Morus Alba
    Deodar ( Pine wood ) Cedrus Deodara
    JackFruit Artocarpus Heterophyllu

     

     

    Teak (Tectona grandis) is considered to be the best type of wood to make furniture as it is highly fire resistant and durable. Teak is also one of the most expensive woods in India.

    It looks very attractive after polishing and will not get affected by white ants and dry rots. It does not shrink much and would not corrode metal fastenings. It is one of the most common types of wood and is for superior use only. It is found in central and southern India.

    Advantages of Teak wood :-

    • Aesthetic Appeal : Furniture made out of teak wood has an attractive looking straight grain pattern. It is smooth to touch and has a rich brown color after polishing in comparison to furniture made out of plywood or particle boards.

    • Durability : Teak wood furniture can last for up to many years, some have not perished for as long as 200 years. Besides, teak wood doesn't get damaged while shifting places because of water.

    • Resistant to rot and decay : Furniture made of teak wood is durable and does not rot because of its high density. Good wood furniture should stay in proper shape for a long time.

    Teak's high tensile strength and tight grain make it weather resistant and durable. It is used in the manufacture of outdoor furniture and boats. It is also used in indoor finishing's, indoor flooring and for making countertops.

    Rosewood : Dalbergia latifolia is tough and very close-grained. It maintains its shape and is available in large sizes which can be used to make ornamental carvings and to create cabinets. It is found in Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Orissa.

    Advantages of Rosewood : -

    • Hard and Tough : They have high crushing and bending strengths offering good stability to the furniture carved out of it. Among the different types of woods available in the country, rosewood is considered the most attractive.

    • Attractive Wood Grain : The beautiful grain appearance has led to the creation of many musical instruments and decorative items.

    Varied Uses :-

    Furniture and cabinets are often constructed out of hardwood like Rosewood. Many mathematical instruments such as rulers and musical instruments such as violins are carved out or rosewood because of its beautiful outward appearance.

    Rosewood is used in making kitchen and bedroom cabinets, dining sets, musical instruments, and carvings because of its sturdiness and beauty.

    Satin wood or Chloroxylon swietenia is very robust and durable. Its high gloss finish makes it very attractive. It is found in central and southern India. It is robust and durable. Its high gloss finish makes it very attractive. It is found in central and southern India.

    Advantages of Satinwood :-

    • Easy to care : Satinwood gives flawless finish which hides minor imperfections. It is a good choice for laying floors as it will not need everyday cleaning. As opposed to other different types of wood, this is mainly used to make flooring.

    • Little Maintenance : It asks for regular polishing but does not need daily maintenance. The polished surfaces stay beautiful for a long time.

    • Durability : It is durable and gives the desired look or finish with a polish of choice. Satinwood is used to manufacture decorative pieces and furniture.

    Sal Wood : 

    Sal Wood or Shorea robusta is primarily found in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh. The tensile strength and durability make it a popular choice for making musical instruments and flooring. It is primarily found in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh. The tensile strength and durability make it a popular choice for making musical instruments and flooring.

    Advantages of Sal wood :-

    • Durable : It is the most durable type of timber making it a popular choice for constructing furniture, wooden beams, and wooden frames.

    • Immune to Decay : It is resistant to the attack of fungus, white ants and insects.

    • Strength : Its strength makes it an ideal choice for providing strength and support. Sal wood is used to make doors, piles, and wooden frames. It is also useful in making small pieces of furniture.

    Sisso or Sheesham' or 'Tali' (Dalbergia Sisoo):

    SissoIt (Dalbergia sissoo) is called 'Shishamand also 'Tali' in some regions of the country. It is durable and can be easily seasoned. It takes up the rich polish. It is found in Bengal, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Orissa.

    Advantages of Sisoo wood :-

    • Strength : Sisoo is strong and durable.

    • Good finish : Out of the different types of wood, Sisoo takes up polish very well, therefore, giving a good sheen to the furniture and flooring.

    • Good look : Furniture or flooring made of Sisoo look attractive, thus making it a valuable investment for your home.

    It can be shaped well to make decorative pieces of furniture. It is used to make railway sleepers and sports goods as well.

     

    Marandi Wood or White Cedar (Melia Azederach):

    Marandi Wood (Melia Azederach) or White Cedar timber, is resistant to decay and termites. It can be shaped to make wooden accessories. It is mostly imported from Malaysia and is lighter than other types of wood. It is resistant to decay and termites. It can be shaped to make wooden accessories. It is mostly imported from Malaysia and is lighter than other types of wood.

    Advantages of Marandi wood :-

    • Decay resistant : It is impervious to termites, decay and insects.

    • Good texture : It is light, soft and uniform in texture.

    • Beauty : Among the different types of wood, Marandi requires less maintenance and its aesthetic appeal is high especially when it is

    Marandi wood is used to create wooden accessories like shoe racks, chests, drawers, trunks, and other decorative items.

     

    Mahogany (Swietenia Macrophylla):

    Mahagony even stays durable underwater and takes up a deep color after polishing. It is found in Bengal, Assam, and Kerala.

    Advantages of Mahogany :-

    • Glossy Finish : Its pores absorb paint so well that it gives an elegant glossy finish that makes it a perfect choice for making furniture.

    • Durability : It doesn't decay under water.

    • Finesse : It is the finest wood, therefore, can be sculpted easily.

    Mahogany is used to make cabinets, furniture, and patterns in decorative pieces of art.

     

    Mulberry Wood  (Morus alba) :

    Mulberry wood or Morus alba, gives a neat finish and can be carved easily to make floors and ornate pieces of furniture and decoration. It gives a neat finish and can be carved easily to make floors and ornate pieces of furniture and decoration.

    Advantages of Mulberry :-

    • Strength : It is tough and elastic.

    • Clean finish : It makes attractive pieces of furniture because of its aesthetic appeal. Its color range is broad in comparison to other types of wood, which can be used to give a desirable finish.

    • Can be easily carved : It can be easily worked with and makes ornate pieces of furniture and functional objects like drawers and cabinets.

    Mulberry can be used to make small pieces of furniture, turned objects and fence posts.

     

    Deodar (Cedrus deodara) also called Pine wood :

    building material, Deodar (Cedrus deodara) is very sturdy, rot-resistant, close-grained and can take up the deep polish to give a good finish. It is found in Punjab and Uttar Pradesh.

    Advantages of Deodar :-

    • Durable : It is long-lasting and sturdy and a fine wood.

    • Rot Resistant : Deodar is immune to decay by water and insects, giving it a long shelf life.

    • Absorbs High Polish : It absorbs color in varying degrees which makes it useful in making ornate objects and furniture.

    In olden times, it was used to construct religious temples and landscaping. It is used to make railway carriages, railway sleepers, packing boxes and furniture.

     

    Jackwood or Kathal Ki Lakdi (Artocarpus heterophyllu)

    Jackwood is compact, finely grained and easy to work with. It is found in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra.

    Advantages of Jackwood :-

    • Even Grained : It is even grained which gives it a good finish.

    • Easy to work with : It can be easily carved and designed to create furniture and other articles.

    • Aesthetic Appeal : The beauty of the wood makes it a popular choice for making musical instruments and aesthetically appealing objects.

    Jackwood is used to make furniture, door panels, cabinets and musical instruments.

    These are the different types of wood in India used for crafting furniture. As with the woods available in the market today, there also various synthetic alternatives are available nowadays to make furniture but Indian households still prefer solid wood furniture because of their durability and reparability. These advantages of wood make it a popular choice over man-made alternatives of wood. Since Indians prefer furniture and decorative objects with intricate carvings, wood is preferred and certain types of wood like teak ( Sagwan wood ) are popular choices.

     

     

     

     

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  • Mango Wood Furniture advantages and disadvantages

    0 comments / Posted on by Venkata Nischala G

    Mangifera Indica (mango tree scientific name) is common in places located in tropical regions of Asia and some parts of Oceania. This type of tree can grow as much as 100 ft. with a diameter of 4 ft. It is primarily grown for its fruits.

    However, mango usually stops bearing good fruit after 7 years. When this happens, the tree is cut down, and the wood is used for other purposes.

    This wood is mainly used as an alternative to maple and oak. As long as it comes from a good source, it is an excellent wood. Moreover, it’s sustainable because it is the byproduct of the food industry. 

    Characteristics

    Mango is a hardwood with dense grains. It has enough strength to become a chair or table. However, it’s still soft enough, so you don’t need to use any special tools to work with it.

    In detail, here are the characteristics of the mango wood: 

    Appearance

    Unprocessed mango wood has an outer surface or sapwood that is dark brown. The inner surface or the heartwood is relatively paler in color. Meanwhile, the processed mango wood has a rough and light brown appearance.

    Grain

    The mango wood appears to have irregular lines with dark spots. These lines and spots constitute what is commonly known as the wood grain. It has a fine but unusual grains.

    Rot Resistance

    Mango is susceptible to insect and fungal attack. Because of this, it is labelled to be moderately perishable wood.

    Work-ability

    If there is wild or interlocked grain, the wood might experience a tear out during machining. Wood can also shift while you saw it. Because it has high silica content, it can dull the edges of your cutting tools. 

    Toxicity

    Is mango wood toxic?

    There have been no reports of severe reactions to mango wood. However, it may cause mild skin irritation.

    Availability

    Hawaii and other Asian countries have a steady supply of this type of wood. These countries sell mango wood in slab form.

    What Makes It Special

    Mango wood may be considered as a newcomer in the furniture scene. Despite that, it is one of the fastest growing materials used by furniture manufacturers.

    Though formerly in the Red List for vulnerable natural materials, mango is no longer listed in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Thus, the world still has a huge supply of it.

    But what makes this wood sustainable is that it is the byproduct of mango fruit. Big oaks like those you find in Europe and North America take 50-100 years to mature. The mango trees, on the other hand, can reach 80-100 feet in just 15 years.

    Once the tree is fully mature, you can start harvesting fruits. After it stops bearing fruit altogether, it can be harvested for timber. Then, another generation of mango trees is planted.

    Harvesting mango wood does not only give extra income to the farmers, but it also provides furniture-manufacturers a new and affordable material that they can easily work with.

    It is strong but lightweight. This makes cutting and assembling easy to do. Its maintenance is also fairly easy.

    Over the years, the wood can be stained with natural black, brown, or gray color. However, if you don’t like this natural colors, you’ll also be happy to know that the wood adheres to sanding and staining well.

    Facts About Mango Wood

    The mango wood is an interesting material. Here are things you probably don’t know about it:

    • First of all - its hardness: ranking 1070 on the Janka hardness scale, it is as strong as ash wood and cherry.
    • It is water resistant. Thus, you don’t have to worry about spilled water. 
    • It is cheaper than other hardwoods because it is widely available.
    • It can be a replacement for bamboo due to its slowly increasing usage. Compared to bamboo, however, it is believed to be more reliable.
    • A mango tree can grow anywhere easily. And once the wood is harnessed, the quality of the furniture is already guaranteed.
    • When you plant a mango tree, you have the opportunity to make use of the wood to make quality furniture
    • This wood has a unique texture. As mentioned before, processed wood has an unusual grains. This characteristic gives it a unique texture which can be easily worked on.
    • It is initially light brown in color. But when you apply any type of coating, it can take different colors and tones. You can use varnish, shellac, or lacquer to finish your furniture made from this wood. 

    Mango Wood Furniture

    Using mango wood to make furniture has its advantages and disadvantages. One advantage is that it is Eco-friendly. Mango wood is extensively used in Indian Furniture.

    When it passes its fruit-bearing stage, it can be cut down to be used in furniture. This process can be repeated throughout the life cycle of a mango tree.

    Mango wood will only need less finish due to its fine grain. You do not have to worry about its appearance since it offers a variety of color and texture.

    The wood is supplied by many countries in the Asian and Pacific regions. This means that running out of supply is not a problem.

    The downside of using mango wood, however, is its susceptibility to fungal and insect attack. Also, furniture made from it is not ideal to be placed outside of the house because it cracks when exposed to the sun and is dehydrated.

    Pros and Cons of Mango Wood as per our experience as wooden furniture manufacturer :

    Mango  wood is one of the cheaper and most widely available options for solid wood furniture.

    Advantages:
    Suitable for small pieces of furniture such as side table , coffee table, stands , accent furniture
    One of the cheapest options to make a piece of furniture in solid wood

    Disadvantages:
    Mango wood being a soft wood which is not seasoned long enough is a wood with a lot of moisture content in it. Even though it can be treated with required chemicals, it is prone to get woodworm quiet easily.

    Not strong enough for pieces of furniture where large plans are required such wardrobes and beds as can get warped easily .

    Due to high moisture the wood can expand and contract a lot with whether change. As mango wood is not very dependable it could be a hit or miss whether the furniture will last you or not so that factor needs to be considered.

    At times well seasoned and well treated wood can be durable



    Conclusion

    Mango wood is a game changer for the furniture industry. Its popularity among furniture makers is steadily increasing. This wood is affordable but gives equal quality to the expensive ones.

    With it, you can not only create high-quality furniture, but you can also preserve the beauty of the wood itself. Making something from timber that could otherwise be discarded is one of the best ways you can promote sustainability.

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  • What is good to know about wooden furniture ?

    0 comments / Posted on by Venkata Nischala G

    What is good to know about wooden furniture :

    Whatever the matter is – interior design or various materials for making furniture – the fashion for this, however, like everything else, changes over time. But wooden furniture is not subject to either time or fashion whims.

    What is the reason for this? Of course, the reason for people’s loyal love for wood lies in its aesthetic appeal and flexibility in processing, which made it possible to use wood as a material for creating various kinds of furniture products. At the same time, being a material of natural origin, wood contributes to creating a pleasant atmosphere and good mood, perfectly fitting into the most diverse interiors.

    Wooden furniture

    But it is not possible to produce furniture from any kind of wood. This is due to the fact that each variety has its own mechanical (we are talking about flexibility, density, etc.) and energy characteristics.

    Wood species vary in density. Varieties are overly hard, hard and soft. So, to the last, soft, it is customary to attribute fir, linden, alder, chestnut, pine, spruce, juniper, cedar, poplar, willow. These grades are the most malleable, however, furniture made from them is less durable than created from hard varieties. Excellent wear resistance is characteristic of birch, oak, ash, elm, beech, maple, birch – dense varieties of wood. Even greater processing difficulty arises with white acacia, boxwood, pistachio tree, hornbeam, however, furniture made from trees of these varieties is incredibly durable.

    It is noteworthy that being a natural conditioner, the tree is able to renew and even purify the air inside the house and perfectly maintain the optimum humidity level.

    From time immemorial, the effect of the healing qualities of a tree has been appreciated by all peoples and our ancestors. Wood was used to create charms and amulets, which, according to the opinion of the time, had magical properties – they contributed to giving strength and relieving fatigue. This attitude to the tree is due to its ability to influence the aura of people, their energy. In terms of energy metabolism, it is believed that pine, oak, apple, ash, birch, cedar gives energy inherent, but aspen, alder, poplar and bird cherry, on the contrary, take away. All remaining breeds are considered neutral.

    The energetic forces of the breed can influence a person, providing a healing effect. “Solve the problem” of relieving stress and increasing tone is subject to birch, can help in the treatment of ailments associated with the nervous system, can pine, help concentrate and increase activity – oak, to overcome bad habits and cleanse the body will help the apple tree, and cedar can be used as a magnificent disinfectant the drug.

    It is generally accepted that furniture made from varieties of wood that takes energy is not suitable for homes – it can be dangerous both in terms of energy metabolism and in terms of harming human health.

    The color of wooden furniture is worth choosing, taking into account individual preferences and the design of the entire room. However, you need to know that light furniture can make the interior lighter and warmer. It will look good in the interior of the bedroom and the nursery. Mahogany furniture, the color of which is exciting, awakens to action, is appropriate in the office, as an option – in the hallway. Featuring a noble and stylish look, dark furniture fits perfectly into the living room.

    Concluding, it is worth touching on the issue of competent care of furniture made of wood. To remove dust and other contaminants from the surface, both varnished and polished, it is recommended to use only a flannel cloth, and from carved elements – a vacuum cleaner or a very soft brush. Application of special compositions based on beeswax will help to maintain furniture in good condition. This will provide reliable surface protection against various contaminants. The application of this composition should be carried out approximately once every six months, but at least.

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  • WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF THE TEAK WOOD FURNITURE ?

    0 comments / Posted on by Venkata Nischala G

    WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF THE TEAK WOOD FURNITURE :

    The importance of movable furnishings in interior design is undeniable. Whether it’s the royal place or your small hallway the furniture matters a lot, in fact, a defining aspect which can make or break a space overall appeal. This is why we observe, today homeowners around the globe are ready to shell out big money for furnishing. And, on such product in the market, which has also become the top pick, teak furniture. Besides from being the most robust furniture variety, the teak often lends a stroke of class and elegance to the whole space with its marvelously visual beauty. Here, we talk about the benefit of the teak made furniture, so, roll down and take a tour:

    1.    Excellent Durability

    The first and foremost advantage of the teak wood furniture to other options in the market is its excellent durability, which makes it a perfect buy for both outdoor and indoor furniture. The natural wood is always tough to handle rough daily use inside your house, and extreme weather conditions outside on your patio. What’s more, you can put heavy things on it, and unlike any other furniture it won’t break down. And, it experience deterioration, will stay in its original looks for many years to come by.

    1.    Easy to Clean

    With the recent finishing of the teak wood furniture, it is now easy to clean regularly. All you require is a wet and dry duster to remove the food marks. However, if the strain is severe, you can make use of breaking soda or use a quality cleaning product available on the market.

    1.    Reliable Strength Guaranteed

    Teak furniture has no match in terms of strength, even if your relatives come to your residence and the kids jump over the furniture, this furniture type is robust enough to withstand such rigorous use.  

    1.    Less Maintenance Required

    Being robust and has greater strength, the teak wood furniture repairing will not add to your monthly budget. Only after many years of use, it will hardly require refinishing or any small issues.

    1.    Beautiful Looking Appeal

     One of the advantages of the teak wood furniture, which is often overlooked is the aesthetic appeal, it scores high on this front. This furniture type gives a natural looking appeal to different interiors. So, can be placed just about everywhere, be it your home, office, or backyard space. Today, the colour and texture options available in the market are great; you can select that go well with space.

    1.    Eco-friendly Option

    Since the teak wood furniture is made out of natural resources, there is an eco-friendly buy. So, by selecting this furniture category over other, you can contribute to the good health of your environment.

    From the above, you probably got reasons to add teak furniture to your space, even if you to spend some extra dollars. However, you got to be very sure that your furniture manufacturer has used premium quality teak, for this, you can seek the help of an interior decorator.

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